This is a quick overview of The Federalist Papers. The Federalist Papers are a collection of essays that were written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. They used the nickname Publius for these essays. The essays discuss the usefulness and importance of a federal government, the then present confederation not being good enough, how well the proposed constitution lines up with a republic style government, comparing the federal constitution to the New York constitution, how adopting the federal constitution will protect liberty, and other topics of objection to a federal government. For example, people were afraid that having 13 states would be too big. When creating the USA, the idea of each state being its own country came about, but a federal government was decided on. In a federal government, the states are kind of like pseudo-countries who are allowed to have some of their own rules, but the federal government has the final say.
There is opposition to what would become the Bill of Rights in The Federalist Papers. This is addressed in essay 84, where Hamilton states his fear that the Bill of Rights would be interpreted as the only rights that people would be allowed to have, and he felt that the constitution presented sufficient liberties for people.
There is also a collection of anti-federalist papers called the The Complete Anti-Federalist, which was not published until 1981. It’s not in the public domain, but can be bought. The anti-federalists wanted a bill of rights. Akhil Reed Amar of Yale law school summarized the anti-federalist papers as, “…a localist fear of a powerful central government, a belief in the necessity of direct citizen participation in democracy, and a distrust of wealthy merchants and industrialists,” (https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?&article=2004&context=fss_papers).
You can read The Federalist Papers at https://www.beyondtheechochamber.com/the-federalist-papers-text/.